Social Penetration Theory This theory maintains that interpersonal relationships evolve in some gradual and predictable fashion. Self reflection and perspective taking enabled her to realize that blaming James and Brad for her existential crisis was the main cause of their marital crisis.
If one party denies his or her culpability and completely blames the other, the conflict will escalate. McGraw-Hill Higher Education is one of the many fine businesses of. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 40 2 Individuals who fear being socially isolated are prone to conform to what they perceive to be a majority view.
The therapist accepted her phenomenological account as very real to her, but also challenged her to understand the following chain of events: The Hypodermic Needle Theory no longer carries the respect it once did since its accuracy was found to be questionable.
Discovery Human beings are complex and constantly evolving. Groups with strong ethnic or racial pride often use divergence to highlight group identity. At the existential level, we move towards a deeper understanding of the truth of self and the other; at the same time, we also discover more about human existence and the meaning of life.
There is no single universally agreed upon approach to existential therapy. Couples need to believe that their marriage is worth saving and their problems are solvable in order to achieve a successful outcome in marital therapy. Groupthink The groupthink phenomenon occurs when highly cohesive groups fail to consider alternatives that may effectively resolve group dilemmas.
For example, when she was challenged to imagine how she would react to the same sight of James and Brad working together if she had a prosperous legal practice and had her own competent assistants, she answered that from such a positive perspective, she would not be bothered at all.
Social learning theory explains how human behavior can be shaped by continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences.
By the same token, therapy is effective to the extent that the therapist is perceived as competent and caring. The theory advances that when communicative norms are violated, the violation may be perceived either favorably or unfavorably, depending on the perception that the receiver has of the violator.
In essence, commitment refers to a determination to pursue a life goal or a task in the absence of sufficient information and assurance of success. Meaning, the relationships is enhanced by satisfying each others self-interest.
He had taken Mary for granted and assumed that she would manage her retirement well. She enjoyed the security of working for a large institution as a valued professional.
He felt happy that she finally admitted that she had accused him unfairly. Social Penetration Theory Social Penetration Theory looks at how superficial relationships evolve to intimate relationships.
It states that instead of using traditional logic, we are more open to judging the credibility of a speaker through narrative logic, which analyzes if their stories are well put together coherence and sound true fidelity.
For example, the media has primed us as to what constitutes a credible person. She felt completely displaced, disoriented, and disenfranchised without an identity and without connections. In the third dimension of Being, Geist spirit or reasoncommunication is guided by personal ideals, moral worldviews, and the capacity to see the different parts of a meaningful whole.
The Idea of the University K. It contributed to computer science. Each therapeutic encounter reveals the phenomenological experiences and frame of reference of the client, and opens up opportunities to connect with the client in a life-changing way.
The meaning of anxiety. Existential communication is liberating and empowers the communicator to search for truth and personal growth. When Mary played the roles of victim, accuser, and rescuer, she not only failed to take responsibility for her happiness, but also robbed James of his freedom and personal space.
But the theory also claims that those who are lower on the social ladder tend to have a greater understanding of the social whole, rather than those higher up. Narrative logic allows those who are not educated in oratory and persuasion to make judgments; therefore, allowing for a more democratic system.
Meaning therapy MT; Wong, represents a Canadian model that is integrative in its attempts to bridge the existential tradition and mainstream psychology and positive psychotherapy Wong, She finally recognized the dilemma that, on the one hand, she really loved James and wanted him to be happy and healthy, and, on the other hand, she had caused him so much pain and suffering.
Because of this, individuals view the social situation from particular vantage points. Congruent communication involves making sense of self, others, and events in a way that promotes mature interdependence as well as personal growth.
Responsibility As free agents, people are responsible for their reactions to what life and situation demand of them Frankl, Communication theory is a field of information theory and mathematics that studies the technical process of information and the process of human communication.
Communication theory definition is - a theory that deals with the technology of the transmission of information (as through the written word or a computer) between people, people and machines, or machines and machines. In meaning-centered couple therapy, the most important factor for a successful relationship is that the couple enjoys shared meaning and purpose (Deurzen, ; Gottman, ), while remaining true to their own individuality.
communication is a process of meaning creation, not meaning transference” (Alaichamy ). 1 “Messages can be transmitted from one person to another, but meanings cannot” (Gudykunst ). Congratulations for a very informative website! I would like to request for your permission to use some texts about communication theories in the module which I will be using in my Grade 11 class, on the condition that paraphrasing will be applied.
Communication Theories Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Actor-Network Theory suggests that human and non-human factors are equally influential in the success of technological innovation and scientific knowledge-creation.Download