Racism is so much a part of the social fabric of American society, that, as Claud Anderson suggests in Black Labor, White Wealth, "The only way America will ever be color-blind is if everyone literally lost their sight" Veterans from the various wars have been receiving economic and educational benefits as a result of the G.
Universities and employers do not reject white applicants in favor of affirmative action admissions and hires because they think whites are inferior or undeserving.
Their main motive for assuring that the percentage of African-Americans and Hispanics on their campuses is more than token derives from their self-conceptions as institutions training individuals who will some day take up national and international leadership roles in the professions, arts, sciences, education, politics, and government Bowen and Bok7.
This plan required contractors doing business with the federal government to commit themselves to self-determined numerical goals for minorities. In and again inAllan Bakke, a white applicant, was denied admission although his test scores and grades were better than most or all of those admitted through the special program.
The federal courts had to do that job themselves, and the cases before them drove the definition in a particular direction.
First, John Rawls published in A Theory of Justice, an elaborate, elegant, and inspiring defense of a normative theory of justice Rawls It points to hoped-for outcomes of affirmative action. United Steelworkers of America v.
But tell me, where was the fairness in slavery? African Americans, for example, were systematically targeted for subprime mortgages regardless of income level, and they suffered devastating losses as a result, far greater than the white population.
In the event of a substantial disparity in the utilization of a particular minority group or in the utilization of men or women of a particular minority group, a contractor may be required to establish separate goals for those groups.
Nagel, by contrast, argued that preferences might work a kind of social good, and without doing violence to justice. The standard is and has always been "good faith effort. Oxford University Press, pp. Although affirmative action treats innocent white males unequally, it need not deprive them of any genuine equal opportunity rights.
Unintentionality "Things just got out of hand. Justice and individual desert need not be violated. Enter affirmative action, a federal program begun by President John F.
By contrast, Allan Bakke was not able to compete for all one hundred seats at the Medical School; sixteen were reserved for candidates not like him. When affirmative action is done right, it is flexible, it is fair, and it works….
The Medical School provided no evidence that the best way it could contribute to increased medical services to underserved communities was to employ a racially preferential admissions scheme.
Looking Behind the Mirror. Inthe Supreme Court once again upheld the notion that diversity in higher education admissions was a compelling state interest. The special admissions program was unconstitutional.
The Court reasoned that, because the Law School conducts highly individualized review of each applicant, no acceptance or rejection is based automatically on a variable such as race and that this process ensures that all factors that may contribute to diversity are meaningfully considered alongside race.
This kind of program treats each applicant as an individual in the admissions process Bakke, at — An elite drawn only from segments of society that live in isolation from other segments will be ignorant of the circumstances and concerns of those who occupy other walks of life AndersonBLAW employment law.
Employment law class for LSUA first exam Chapter 1,2,3,4,5. T/F Affirmative action (synonyms) positive action, positive doing.
T/F The purpose of affirmative action is to prevent discrimination. TRUE OR FALSE. T/F Race and gender are the underling factors of affirmative action.
TRUE OR FALSE. S ince affirmative action programs consider race as a factor in decisions such as hiring and college admissions, I often hear from whites who consider it to be a racist practice.
Especially given the state of the economy and the distress this has caused millions of people who are trying not only to get ahead but often just to hold on to what they have.
Opposition to affirmative action has drastically reduced minority enrollment at public universities; private institutions have the power and the responsibility to reverse the trend Affirmative Inaction.
and that was “achieving similar numbers through winks, nods and disguises.” No public institution can now afford the slightest risk. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IS NOT REVERSE DISCRIMINATION Background Affirmative action (AA) is one of the most profound public policies ever introduced by the The purpose of this paper is to argue that affirmative action is not reverse discrimination, people who oppose affirmative action.
Philosophy of the Theory.
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada and South Africa, is the policy of promoting the education and employment of members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.
In support of Affirmative Action An example of the policiy succeeding is the improvement of schooling for minorities. From tothe percentage of blacks ages who graduated from college rose from percent to percent.Download